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THE MAHI RIVER
• It originates from the northern slopes of Vindhyas at an altitude of 500 m near village Bhopawar, Sardarpur tehsil in Dhar district of Madhya Pradesh
• The Mahi basin extends overstates of Madhya Pradesh, Rajasthan and Gujarat having total area of 34,842 Sq. The total length of Mahi is 583 km.
• It is bounded by Aravalli hills on the north and the north-west, by Malwa Plateauon the east, by the Vindhyas on the south and by the Gulf of Khambhat on the west.
• Mahi is one of the major interstate west flowing rivers of India.
• The Som is its principal tributary which joins from right, and the Anas and the Panam joins the river from left. It drains into the Arabian Sea through the Gulf of Khambhat.
• Mahi bajaj sangar (banswara ,Rajasthan) and kadana dam (Gujrat) are major dams on The Mahi
THE SABARMATI RIVER
• The Sabarmati originates from Aravalli hills at an elevation of 762 m near village Tepur,(Dhebar lake ) in Udaipur district of Rajasthan.
• The Sabarmati basin extends over states of Rajasthan and Gujarat.
• The basin is bounded by Aravalli hills on the north and north-east, by Rann of Kutch on the west and by Gulf of Khambhat on the south.
• Its principal tributaries joining from left are the Wakal, the Hathmati and the Vatrak whereas the Sei joins the river from right.
• The historic city Ahemdabad and Gadhinagar and famous ashram of Mahatma Gandhi the Sabarmati asharam is also located on the bank of this river
THE NARMADA RIVER
• The Narmada rises from Maikala range near Amarkantak in Anuppur district of Madhya Pradesh.
• Narmada basin extends over states of Madhya Pradesh, Gujarat, Maharashtra and Chhattisgarh
• It is bounded by the Vindhyas on the north, by the Maikala range on the east, by the Satpuras on the south and by the Arabian Sea on the west.
• The hilly regions are in the upper part of the basin, and lower middle reaches are broad and fertile areas well suited for cultivation
• Narmada is the largest west flowing river of the peninsular India.
• Important left bank tributaries are the Burhner, the Banjar, the Sher, the Shakkar, the Dudhi, the Tawa , the Ganjal, the Kundi, the Goi and the Karjan
• Important right bank tributaties are the Hiran, the Tendoni, the Barna, the Kolar, the Man, the Uri, the Hatni and the Orsang joins from right.
• Narmada drains into the Arabian Sea through the Gulf of Khambhat.
• .The Narmada water Disputes Tribunal has allocated the Narmada water amongst the States : Madhya Pradesh, Gujarat, Rajasthan and Maharashtra,
IMPORTANT DAMS ON NARMADA
Name of Dam
Bargi Dam(Rani avanti bai Lodhi sagae)
Jabalpur district Madhya Pradesh
Mundi in khandwa district Madhya pradesh
Khandwa district Madhya Pradesh
Sardar Sarovar dam
Narmada district Gujrat
THE TAPI RIVER
• It originates near Multai reserve forest in Betul district of Madhya Pradesh
• The basin extends over states of Madhya Pradesh, Maharashtra and Gujarat
• It Situated in the Deccan plateau, the basin is bounded by the Satpura range on the north, by the Mahadev hills on the east, by the Ajanta Range and the Satmala hills on the south and by the Arabian Sea on the west.
• The Tapi is the second largest westward draining river of the Peninsula.
• Its important right bank tributaries are the Suki, the Gomai, the Arunavati and the Aner which joins it from,
• Important left bank are the Vaghur, the Amravati, the Buray, the Panjhra, the Bori, the Girna, the Purna, the Mona and the Sipna.
• The Ukai Dam, constructed across the Tapti River in Surat District of Gujrat. It is also known as Vallabh Sagar.
• Surat is situated on the banks of Tapi river
THE LUNI RIVER
• Luni originates from western slopes of the Aravalli ranges in Ajmer district of Rajasthan.
• The river flows up to Rann of Kutch forming a delta where the water spreads out and does not contribute any runoff.
• The main tributaries of Luni joining from left are the Lilri, the Guhiya, the Bandi (Hemawas), the Sukri, the Jawai, the Khari Bandi, the Sukri Bandi and the Sagiwhereas the Jojri joins it from right.
SOME OTHER WESTERN FLOWING RIVERS:
• Kalinadi River-rises near the village of bidi in the Belgaum district of Karnataka State. The river known as the Dogi in its upper reaches. The River takes a generally east- West direction and outfalls into the Karwar bay of the Arabian Sea, near the town of Karwar.
• Mandavi- is an important river of Goa which rises north-east of Sons agar in Belgaum district of Mysore State. The main river however, outfalls into the Marmagao Bay near Panjim, the capital of Goa. The
• Savitri- rises to the east of Varandha in district Kolaba of Maharashtra State and outfall into the Arabian Sea near the village of Devgardh.
• Ulhas- rises to the east of Varandha in district Kolaba of Maharashtra State.
• Vaitarna-rises north of the village of Jarvar in Nasik district of Maharashtra State
• Ambika-rises near the village of Jamdar in the Dangs district of Gujarat state
• Purna- rises just north-west of the village of Varse district Dhulia of Maharashtra State and westwards it outfalls into the Gulf of Cambay near Matwad.
• The Bharathapuzha, also known as the Ponnani or Nila, in the lower reaches, originates in the Anamalai hills, and flows through the Pollachi taluka of Tamil Nadu and Palghat, Walluvanad and Ponnani talukas of Kerala. Its drainage area lies in Tamil Nadu and the rest in Kerala.
• The Periyar River with a length of 228 km is the longest river of kerala.
o It rises from the forest –clad Sivagiri peak,. south of Devikulam.
o The Mullaperiyar dam is constructed at the confluence of the Periyar and Mullayar to create the Periyar Thekkady lake and reservoir, as well as the Periyar National Park.
o The Idukki reservoir formed by the Idukki, Cheruthoni and Kulamavu dams constructed across the Periyar river
• The Pamba is the third longest river of the basin.It is formed by the confluence of the rivers Pamba Aar, Kakki Aar, Arudai Aar, Kakkad Aar and kali Aar.
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