STATIC GEOGRAPHY

The details about the Wildlife Sanctuaries and the National Parks of India that are important as per the syllabus of the upcoming Govt. exams like RRB NTPC, SSC etc. are as follows,

JAMMU & KASHMIR  

  • HEMIS NATIONAL  PARK
  1.  a high altitude national park in the eastern Ladakh region
  2. dedicated to snow leopards
  3. largest National park (second largest contiguous protected area, after the Nanda Devi Biosphere Reserve and surrounding protected areas)
  • DACHIGAM NATIONAL PARK
  1. It is a National Park located 22 kilometers from Srinagar
  2. Dachigam is known for the hangul, or the Kashmir stag  (Hangul is also  state animal of Jammu & Kashmir
  • City Forest (Salim Ali) National park and Kishtwar national park are the other two national park in J&K

HIMACHAL PRADESH

  • GREAT HIMALIYAN NATIONAL PARK
  1. Located in the Banjaar sub-division of Kullu district of Himachal Pradesh, India, in the far western Himalaya.
  2. A UNESCO World Heritage Site since  23 June 2014 under the criteria of “outstanding significance for biodiversity conservation”.
  3. Moreover, The Great Himalayan National Park is home to more than 375 faunal species. So far species of 31 mammals, 181 birds, 3 reptiles, 9 amphibians, 11 annelids, 17 mollusks and 127 insects belonging to six orders have been identified and documented
  4. A trek of 35 to 45 km in any of the park’s valleys brings one into the high altitude habitat animals such as Blue Sheep, Snow Leopard, Himalayan Brown Bear, Himalayan Tahr and  Musk Deer migration to lower altitudes.

UTTARAKHAND

  • JIM CORBETT NATIONAL PARK
  1. The oldest national park in India and was established in 1936 as Hailey National Park (Sir Malcolm Hailey)to protect the endangered Bengal tiger
  2. located in Nainital district of Uttarakhand and was named after Jim Corbett who played a key role in its establishment.
  3. The park was the first to come under the Project Tiger initiative.
  • RAJAJI NATIONAL PARK
  • Rajaji National Park has been named after C. Rajagopalachari (Rajaji), a prominent leader of the Freedom Struggle, the second and last Governor-General of independent India
  • In 1983, three wildlife sanctuaries in the area namely, Chilla, Motichur and Rajaji sanctuaries were merged into one.
  • VALLEY OF FLOWERS NATIONAL PARK
  • located in North Chamoli, in the state of Uttarakhand and is known for its meadows of endemic alpine flowers and the variety of flora.
  • UNESCO world heritage site
  • NANDA DEVI BIOSPHERE RESERVE
  • The Nanda Devi National Park or Nanda Devi Biosphere Reserve, established in 1982 , is a national park situated around the peak of Nanda Devi in the state of Uttarakhand.
  • The National Park was inscribed a World Heritage Site by UNESCO in 1988 The latter was expanded and renamed to Nanda Devi and Valley of Flowers National Parks in 2005.

UTTAR PRADESH

  • DUDHWA NATIONAL  PARK   
  • It is part of the Dudhwa Tiger Reserve.  It is located on the Indo-Nepal border in the Lakhimpur Kheri District.
  • In essence, Dudhwa National Park is a stronghold of the barasingha. Around half of the world’s barasinghas are present in Dudhwa National Park
  • CHANDRAPRABHA  WILD LIFE SANCTUARY
  • situated in Chandauli district 70 kilometres from the historic city of Varanasi.
  • NATIONAL CHAMBAL SANCTUARY 
  • National Chambal Sanctuary, also called the National Chambal Gharial Wildlife Sanctuary, is a tri-state protected for the protection of the Critically Endangered Gharial, the Red-crowned roof Rurtle and the Endangered Ganges river Dolphin. Located on the Chambal River near the tripoint of Rajasthan, Madhya Pradesh and Uttar Pradesh, it was first declared in Madhya Pradesh in 1978, and now constitutes a long narrow eco-reserve co-administered by the three states. Within the sanctuary, the pristine Chambal River cuts through mazes of ravines and hills with many sandy beaches

RAJASTHAN

  • RANTHAMBORE NATIONAL PARK
  • known for its Bengal tigers
  • located in sawai madhopur district
  • TAL-CHHAPAR  WILD LIFE SANCTUARY
  • located in the Churu district
  • known for blackbucks
  • KEOLADEV NATIONAL PARK
  • formerly known as the Bharatpur Bird Sanctuary in Bharatpur, Rajasthan
  • it is a famous bird sanctuary that hosts thousands of birds, especially during the winter season
  • UNESCO World Heritage Site
  • SARISKA NATIONAL PARK
  • located in Alwar district of the state
  • it a part of India’s Project Tiger
  • DESERT NATIONAL PARK
  • situated in the west Indian state of Rajasthan near the towns of Jaisalmer and Barmer
  • The endangered great Indian bustard in magnificent number

GUJRAT

  • GIR NATIONAL PARK                                     
  • Gir National Park and Wildlife Sanctuary, also known as Sasan Gir, is a forest and wildlife sanctuary near Talala Gir in Gujarat
  • Only place where Asiatic lion found
  • At least 21 lions at the Gir sanctuary were found infected with canine distemper virus this year, which eventually took their lives
  • WILD ASS SANCTUARY
  • located in the Little Rann of Kutch
  • BLACK BUCK NATIONAL PARK
  • Located in bhavnagar

MADHYA PRADESH

Madhya Pradesh has the maximum number of national park in india Followed by Andman & Nicobar Islands 

  • BADHAVGARH NATIONAL PARK
  • located in the Umaria district of Madhya Pradesh.
  • Part of project tiger
  • PANNA NATIONAL PARK
  • located in Panna and Chhatarpur districts of Madhya Pradesh
  • It was declared in 1994 as the twenty second Tiger reserve of India and the fifth in Madhya Pradesh
  • Part of project tiger
  • PENCH (Indira Priyadarshini Pench ) NATIONAL PARK
  • Pench National Park is in Seoni and Chhindwara districts of Madhya Pradesh.
  • It derives its name from the Pench River that flows through the park.
  • Inspiration of  Rudyard Kipling’s The Jungle Book.
  • KANHA  NATIONAL PARK
  • one of the tiger reserves of India and the largest national park of Madhya Pradesh
  • It is also the first tiger reserve in India to officially introduce a mascot, “Bhoorsingh the Barasingha”
  • KUNO NATIONAL PARK
  • Youngest national park received the status of national park in September 2018
  • it was selected as a possible site to implement the Asiatic Lion Reintroduction Project, which aimed at establishing a second lion population in India

Some other important national parks and wild life sanctuaries of Madhyapradesh

  • FOSSIL NATIONAL PARK
  • DINOSAUR NATIONAL PARK
  • MADHAV NATIOAL PARK
  • PANCHMADI SANCTUARY
  • GANDHI SAGAR

GOA

  • SALIM ALI BIRD SANCTUARY
  • MOLLEM NATIONAL PARK

KARNATAKA

  • BANDIPUR NATIONAL PARK
  • a tiger reserve under Project Tiger
  • located in Gundlupet taluq of Chamarajanagar district
  • NAGARHOLE (RAJIV GANDHI) NATIONAL PARK
  • located in Kodagu district and Mysore district in Karnataka, India
  • It a Tiger Reserves
  • It is part of the Nilgiri Biosphere Reserve.
  • BANNERGHATTA NATIONAL PARK
  • TUNGABHADRA WILD LIFE SANCTUARY

KERALA

  • SILENT VALLEY NATIONAL PARK
  • PARAMBIKULAM NATIONAL PARK
  • WAYANAD WILD LIFE SANCTUARY
  • PERIYAR NATIONAL  PARK

TAMILNADU

  • GULF OF MANNAR MARINE NATIONAL PARK
  • INDIRA GANDHI (ANNAMALAI) NATIONAL PARK

ANDHRA PRADESH

  • NAGARJUN TIGER RESERVE.

ODHISHA

  • SATKOSIA TIGER RESERVE
  • located in the Angul district of Odisha
  • SIMLIPAL NATIONAL PARK
  • Located in mayorbhanj district
  • It is part of the Similipal-Kuldiha-Hadgarh Elephant Reserve popularly known as Mayurbhanj Elephant Reserve
  • This reserve is part of the UNESCO World Network of Biosphere Reserves since 2009

JHARKHAND

  • BETLA NATIONAL PARK           
  • PALAMU  TIGER RESERVE    (PART OF BELTA NATIOAL PARK)
  • HAZARIBAGH  WILD LIFE SANCTUARY
  • DALMA WILD LIFE SANCTUARY

CHATTISHGARH

  • INDRAVATI NATIONAL PARK
  • GURU GHASI DAS NATIONAL PARK ( It is a part of the Sanjay- Dubri Tiger Reserve system)
  • KANGER GHATI NATIONAL PARK

WEST BANGAL

  • SUNDERBANS
  • The  Sundarbans is a mangrove area in the delta formed by the confluence of Ganges, Brahmaputra and Meghna Rivers in the Bay of Bengal.
  •  It spans from the Hooghly River in India’s state of West Bengal to the Baleswar River in Bangladesh.
  • Sundarbans are enlisted as UNESCO World Heritage Sites.
  • Sunderbans are the home of Royal Bengal tiger
  • BUXA NATIONAL PARK
  • GURUMARA NATIONAL  PARK
  • NEORA VALLEY NATIONAL PARK
  • SINGALILA NATIONAL PARK

BIHAR

  • BHIMBANDH WILD LIFE SANCTUARY
  • VALMIKI NATIONAL PARK

ASSAM

  • KAZIRANGA  NATIONAL PARK
  • Dedicated to One horn Rhino
  • Located in Golaghat and Nagaon districts of the state of Assam
  • It is a UNESCO World Heritage Site
  • MANAS NATIONAL PARK
  • It is a national park, UNESCO Natural World Heritage site,
  •  A Project Tiger reserve, an elephant reserve and a biosphere reserve in Assam, India.
  • Located in the Himalayan foothills, it is contiguous with the Royal Manas National Park in Bhutan.
  • DIBRU SAIKHOWA  NATIONAL PARK
  • It is located in Dibrugarh and Tinsukia districts
  • NAMERI NATIONAL PARK
  • ORANG NATIONAL PARK

SIKKIM

  • KHANGCHENDUNGA NATIONAL PARK
  • It is a UNESCO World Heritage Sites list in July 2016.
  • Particularly, it is the first and only “Mixed Heritage” site of India.

ARUNACHAL PRADESH

  • MOULING NATIONAL PARK
  • NAMDAPHA NATIONAL PARK

NAGALAND

  • SINGPHAN NATIONAL PARK
  • 30th elephant reserve of India
  • Markedly, the Government of Nagaland has declared Singphan Wildlife Sanctuary as ‘Singphan Elephant Reserve’ on 16th August 2018,
  • ITANKI NATIONAL PARK

MANIPUR

  • KEIBUL-LAMJO NATIONAL PARK
  • Located  in the Bishnupur district of the state of Manipur
  • In essence it is the only floating park in the world
  • An integral part of Loktak Lake.
  • Furthermore, SANGAI is an endemic species of this park

TRIPURA

  • TRISHNA WILD LIFE SANCTUARY
  • This sanctuary is situated in South Tripura District
  • CLOUDED LEOPARD NATIONAL PARK
  • Located inside trishna wild life sanctuary
  • BISON (RAJBARI) NATIONAL PARK
  • And is located inside trishna wild life sanctuary

MEGHALAYA

  • NOKREK RIDGE NATIONAL PARK
  • Nokrek National Park, the core area of Nokrek Biosphere Reserve, is located in West Garo Hills district of Meghalaya.
  • Moreover, UNESCO added this National park to its list of Biosphere Reserves in May 2009Along with Balphakram national park, Nokrek is a hotspot of
  • Has significant population of Red panda
  • Nokrek is also an important habitat of the Asian elephants
  • BALPHAKRAM NATIONAL PARK
  • located to the extreme South of Garo Hills
  • It is the home of the barking deer and the golden cat.

ANDMAN AND NICOBAR ISLANDS

  • Campbell Bay NATIONAL PARK
  • located on the island of Great Nicobar, the largest of the Nicobar Islands in the eastern Indian Ocean
  • Galathea Bay NATIONAL PARK
  • Mahatama Gandhi Marine (Wandoor) NATIONAL PARK
  • near Wandoor on the Andaman Islands
  • The park was created to protect marine life such as the corals and nesting sea turtles prevalent in the area
  • Middle Button Island NATIONAL PARK
  • Mount Harriett NATIONAL PARK
  • North Button Island NATIONAL PARK
  • Rani Jhansi Marine NATIONAL PARK
  • Saddle Peak NATIONAL PARK
  • South Button Island NATIONAL PARK
PITTI WILD LIFE SANCTUARY IS THE ONLY PROTECTED AREA IN LAKSHADWEEP ISLANDS

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Categories: Geography

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