CHHOTANAGPUR RIVERS

The Damodar River

DAMODAR RIVER SYSTEM
  • The Damodar river rises in the Palamu Hills of Chhotanagpur in Jharkhand.
  • Earlier it was known as the Sorrow of Bengal.
  • It flow across Jharkhand and West Bengal.
  •  Damodar Valley Corporation, popularly known as DVC, came into being on July 7, 1948, by an Act of the Constituent Assembly of India, as the first multipurpose river valley project of independent India.
  • The original plan was to construct seven major dams. But the DVC has constructed only four dams
  •  These dams were to be Panchet Hill on the Damodar river; Maithon, and Tilaiya on the Barakar river and  Konar on the Konar river.
  • Tributaries and subtributaries, of the Damodar are Barakar, Konar, Bokaro, Haharo, Jamunia, Ghari, Guaia, Khadia and Bhera

The Subarnlekha River

SUBAREKHA BASIN
  • It originating near piska/nagri, near Ranchi, the capital of Jharkhand.
  • The Subarnarekha River  flows through the Indian states of Jharkhand, West Bengal and Odisha.
  • Hundru Falls is created on the course of the Subarnarekha.
  • Getalsud reservoir is located across the Subernarekha,
  •  The Subarnarekha multipurpose project envisaged the construction of two dams, one at Chandil across the Subarnarekha and the other across the Kharkai at Icha near Chaibasa.
  • Marge in the Bay of Bengal near Talsari.
  •  The proposed port the Subarnarekha (Kirtania port) is being developed by Tata Steel and Creative Port , in Balasore district of Odisha.

The Brahamani

BRAHMANI RIVER COURSE
  • The Brahmani is formed by the confluence of the Sankh and South Koel rivers near the major industrial town of Rourkela.
  • The Sankh has its origins near the Jharkhand-Chhattisgarh border, near the Netarhat Plateau.
  • The South Koel  arises in Jharkhand, near Lohardaga.
  •  Rengali dam is located in Odisha. It is constructed across Brahmani River in Rengali village.
  • The Brahmani delta is the site of the Bhitarkanika wildlife sanctuary, famous for its estuarine crocodiles (Saltwater crocodile) and Olive Ridley turtles.

The Mahanadi

  • The Mahanadi originates near Sihawa in Raipur district of Chhattisgarh
  • The river flows through the states of Chhattisgarh and Odisha.
  • It is dammed by one of  the largest earthen dam, the Hirakud Dam.
  • There is Dispute between Odisha & Chhattisgarh over Water of  the Mahanadi River

Major Tributaries of the mahanadi

  • Left bank:
    • Sheonath, Hasdeo, Ib and Mand
  • Right bank:
    • Tel, Jonk, and Ong
DAMODAR BASIN

The Baitarani River

  • The Baitarani originates from the Gonasika/Guptaganga hills in keonjhar district Odisha.
  • Drain into the Bay of Bengal after joining of the Brahmani at Dhamra mouth near Chandabali.
Categories: Geography

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